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  • Probably the most singular difference between the transaction process in the UK and France is that in France you exchange at the start of the process rather than at the end.  Having agreed on a price, both buyer and seller sign a contract – usually a compromis de vente – whereby they commit to selling or buying the property at a set price.
  • The buyer then has a seven-day cooling off period, during which time they can pull out of the deal for any reason without losing their deposit.  The vendor does not have the benefit of a cooling off period.  There are specific terms and conditions for withdrawing from the contract.
  • Once the seven-day cooling off period has passed, the sale becomes legally binding and neither buyer nor seller can pull out without penalty.  Technically, if the buyer pulls out they cab be pursued for the full asking price, but more commonly they will forfeit the deposit, which is typically 10% of the sale price. 
  • You can include conditions (clauses suspensives) within the compromis, which render the contract void if not met.  These may typically include a successful survey or obtaining planning permission.  This needs thinking about in advance of signing the contract though, as you can’t add in conditional clauses afterwards.
  • The compromis includes the names and addresses of the buyer and seller, the address and description of the property for sale, the agreed deposit amount, the sale price to be paid, an inventory of items to be included and a date for completion.   
  • The compromis must also state whether the buyer requires a mortgage.  If so, a month is allowed to obtain the finance.  If for legitimate reasons the buyer can’t obtain a mortgage, they can pull out of the contract without penalty.
  • Although the compromis de vente is the most common form of contract, others include the promesse de vente (only the seller commits to the purchase) or promesse d’achat (the buyer commits).
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